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Diabetes Monitoring

Here at Buckden Dental Clinic, we use a Blood Glucose Monitor to check our patient’s glucose levels prior to extensive treatment to ensure predictable and safe dental treatment.

Our dentists also check the glucose level of patients who also have uncontrolled periodontal disease (gum disease). There is a clear link between patients with periodontal disease and diabetes.

It is estimated that around 1 in every 11 people in the world have diabetes, of those 46% are undiagnosed.

Link Between Periodontal Disease and Diabetes:

Periodontal disease is very common, but having diabetes can increase your risk of developing gum disease.

Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria in plaque that irritates and causes inflammation of the gums. Over time the bone that supports the teeth recedes, causing the teeth to become mobile and eventually fall out altogether.

Gum disease can also increase your blood sugar levels which can cause more complications to diabetes and other areas of the body such as the heart, blood vessels, eyes and kidneys.

People with Type 2 Diabetes are around three times more likely to develop dental problems than people who don’t have diabetes. People with Type 1 Diabetes are also more at risk.

Monitoring Blood Glucose

Monitoring is the key to achieving good blood sugar control. The diabetic person is recommended to maintain a blood sugar of above 4 mmol/l.

A non-diabetic person will have a blood glucose level of 4-8 mmol/l depending on when they last ate.

Unfortunately the average Type 1 diabetic will only spend about 30% of the 24 hour cycle with blood glucose levels within this normal range. Having a controlled blood sugar level is vital to reducing the risk of periodontal disease and other health complications.

The target blood glucose ranges below are indicated as a guide.

  • Children with Type 1 diabetes (NICE 2015) on waking and before meals: 4–7mmol/l and after meals: 5–9mmol/l. after meals: 5–9mmol/l.
  • Adults with Type 1 diabetes (NICE 2015) on waking: 5–7mmol/l and before meals at other times of the day: 4–7mmol/l. At 90 minutes after meals: 5–9mmol/l.
  • Type 2 diabetes (Diabetes UK Council of Healthcare Professionals 2015) before meals: 4–7mmol/l and two hours after meals: less than 8.5mmol/l.
  • Pregnant women with diabetes (NICE 2015) during fasting: below 5.3mmol/l and 1 hour after meals: below 7.8mmol/l or 2 hours after meals: below 6.4mmol/l

People with poorly controlled Diabetes or who have had it for many years, are at greater risk for dental problems. Diabetes:

  • Can reduce the blood supply to the gums, making it more likely to have infections of the gums and the bones that hold the teeth into the jaw bone.
  • High blood sugar may also cause dry mouth making gum disease worse as well as becoming more vulnerable to decay.
  • It can also lead to chronic ulcers, fungal infections inside the mouth tissues and around the corners of the lips, as well as a burning mouth sensation.
  • Some medications taken for high blood pressure (occasionally taken with Diabetes) can also have a negative impact in the health of the gums and oral tissues.

Diabetes can go undiagnosed for many years. It is important you attend regular check-ups with your dentist.

We are often the first to notice other changes in our patient’s health other than their oral health. Sudden changes in gum health can sometimes indicate diabetes. In these instances we can quickly check your blood sugar levels to assess the stability of blood sugar levels and if necessary recommend a check-up at your registered doctors.



9:00 AM - 1:30 PM

2:30pM - 7.00 PM


9:00 AM - 1:30 PM

2:30 pM - 5.00 PM


9:00 AM - 1:30 PM

2:30 pM - 5.00 PM


9:00 AM - 1:30 PM

2:30 pM - 5.00 PM


9:00 AM - 3:20 PM


9:00 AM - 1:00 PM



NOTE: Closed Mon/Thurs – 1.30pm- 2.30pm.
Saturdays & Evenings by Appointment